Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana PDF
PMAGY Full Form Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana
Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY)
1.1 Scheduled Castes (SCs), who constitute 16.6% of our population as per 2011 Census, have historically suffered social and educational disabilities and economic deprivation arising therefrom. Accordingly, special provisions have been enshrined in the Constitution for advancement of their interests. These provisions range from measures to remove any kind of social disabilities imposed on them to ensure equality of opportunity in every sphere, to measures of positive discrimination to bring them on par with rest of the population.
1.2 Securing “to all its citizens, JUSTICE, Social, Economic and Political” is the first goal mentioned in the Preamble to the Constitution of India. Article 46 of Part IV (“Directive Principles of State Policy”) of the Constitution enjoins upon the State to promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. Article 38 (2) in the same Part also enjoins upon the State to minimize inequities in income, and to end eavor to eliminate inequalities in status, facilities and opportunities, not only amongst individuals but also amongst groups of people residing indifferent areas or engaged in different vocations. The various special safeguards provided in the Constitution for Scheduled Castes are listed at Annexure-I.
1.3 The Government has hence taken a number of initiatives for development of SCs, which have yielded positive outcomes, and have also resulted in narrowing the gap between the Scheduled Castes and the rest of the population. One of the important initiatives is that of earmarking budget for welfare of SCs both at the Central level and at the State level as part of the Allocation for Welfare of SCs (AWSC) and Scheduled Caste Sub Plan (SCSP) respectively. Apart from this, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment is implementing schemes intended for educational, economic and social empowerment of SCs which is listed at Annexure-II. There are many other programmes of the Government which, though covering all social groups, are especially relevant for SCs. Some of such programmes of the Central Government other than those of the Ministry of SJ&E, which are especially relevant for SCs, have been summarized at Annexure-III.
1.4 However, the objective of bringing SCs on par with the general population is still far from being achieved, particularly due to the lack of convergence in implementation of the Schemes. The gap between the SCs and the total population, measured in terms of indicators of socio-economic and educational development as well as in access to basic amenities is summarized in a statement at Annexure-IV.
1.5 Further, the focus of most welfare Schemes of SCs has been mainly centered on individual beneficiaries rather than on the integrated development of SC pockets. According to the census of 2011, the population of SCs is 20.14 cr. which, as mentioned above, constitutes 16.6% of the total population. The highest proportion of SC population is in Punjab. Annexure-V gives, in descending order, State/UT–wise percentage of SC population. According to Census 2011, 46,844 villages have >50% of SC population. The State/UT-wise number of such SC majority villages, is at Annexure VI.
1.6 To enable an area approach, a new scheme called the Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) was launched on a Pilot basis during 2009-10, following the Finance Minister’s declaration in his Budget Speech delivered on 6.7.2009. The Scheme aims at integrated development of villages in which the population of Scheduled Castes is above 50%. A total of 1000 villages from Tamil Nadu (225), Rajasthan (225), Bihar (225), Himachal Pradesh (225) and Assam (100) were selected for the Pilot phase.
1.7 During 2014-15, PMAGY was further extended to cover another 1500 villages across 11 States namely Andhra Pradesh (7), Assam(75), Chhattisgarh (175), Jharkhand (100), Haryana (12), Karnataka (201), Madhya Pradesh (327), Odisha (175), Punjab (162), Telangana (6) and Uttar Pradesh(260).
2 Vision of an ‘Adarsh Gram’
An ‘Adarsh Gram’ is one wherein people have access to various basic services so that the minimum needs of all the sections of the society are fully met and disparities are reduced to a minimum. These villages would have all such infrastructure and its residents will have access to all such basic services that are necessary for a dignified living, creating thereby an environment in which everyone is enabled to utilize her/his potential to the fullest.
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